The Mathematical Society of Republic of China (TMS) was originated from whom mastered in the mathematical field in 1935, subsequently it was found in July, 1935, as China Shuxuehui (The Mathematical Society of the Republic of China) for the progress and prevalence of Mathematics. We had published the “Mathematical Journal” in August 1936. Later the second version was published in December 1936. Unfortunately, the Mathematical Journal(volume 1 number 3) and TMS business was interrupted by The Marco Polo Bridge Incident ( the Lugouqiao Incident) in 1937, a battle between the Republic of China's National Revolutionary Army and the Imperial Japanese Army.
Until the 1945 victory the capital returned to Nanjing, the Society was once rebuilt, yet could not reopen academic activities immediately due to the ruined infrastructure. Around 1945, the people who work in mathematical circle move from Taiwan to Europe or America. Fortunately, the education is highly developed; many mathematics experts are cultivated in few years. The Society was restored by the senior researchers and junior scholars in 1958. Subsequently, due to the same name of our Society and Chinese Mathematical Society, which is confused by other nations, we rename as The Mathematical Society of Republic of China in the 5th Annual Meeting in 1967.
Our main activities are to promote mathematical education and research and seek for the close relationship among international mathematical circle. We joined International Mathematical Union (IMU) when we restored the Society in Taiwan. We selected our delegates for the IMU General Assembly every year, which was benefited greatly by peopletopeople diplomacy. According to our charter of TMS, we host the annual meeting every year, and reselect part of board of directors and supervisors. Until TMS charter revised in the 6th Annual Meeting in 1969, we specified the following clauses: hosting the Annual Meeting each year, discussing the general affairs of TMS, and declaiming the paper in the Annual Meeting. Moreover, we also published “Chinese Journal of Mathematics” with Mathematics Research Promotion Center in June 1973. “Chinese Journal of Mathematics” was renamed as “Taiwanese Journal of Mathematics” in 1997. In the need of our government and society, we verify mathematical terms, revise mathematical curriculums in schools, and host summer classes of advanced studies. Besides, we screen the outstanding papers of graduate students for National Cultural Association. Additionally, we promote the domestic mathematical education and research development, including setting up Math Award in Science Prize of elementary and junior high school, Math Award of Asian Pacific Mathematics Olympiad and International Mathematics Olympiad, and The Mathematical Society Award.
